Cannabis plants contain over 480 natural ingredients with unique chemicals that have deeply positive effects when they interact with receptors in our bodies. These chemicals have been classified as cannabinoids. They interact with particular receptors in the brain and body, via the endocannabinoid (ECS) system to produce a broad range of effects. These effects regulate appetite, sleep, pain, mood, memory and more. They help people suffering from conditions such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, arthritis, depression and more.
Scientific research has so far identified five main components of the cannabis plant, that show great promise and have proven potential in helping patients treat their symptoms.
The Five Main Components of the Cannabis Plant
The most well known component found in the cannabis plant is THC which stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. It’s known for its psychoactive effects which is accountable for the euphoric high users experience when consuming the strain. THC acts like the cannbinoids produced naturally by the body, which bind with receptors and stimulate cells in the brain to release dopamine, which creates the euphoria. THC has a broad array of applications as a medicine. THC has been proven to stimulate appetite, and helps to manage chronic pain. It has anti-inflammatory properties as can help with conditions such as depression, Alzheimers Disease, stroke and more.
THCA Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid
THCA becomes THC when it is left to dry. THCA which is found in the cannabis plant won’t make you feel high. When you eat or drink the raw cannabis plant you will not feel its intoxicating effects. More and more consumers are looking to consume raw cannabis in smoothies and juice recipes for its non intoxicating effects and medical benefits. There is more research that needs to be done on the medical effects of THCA. Preliminary studies show some beneficial effects such as anti-spasmodic effects, anticonvulsant effects, and anti-insomnia effects.
CBD is a cannabis compound that has proven to be an effective medicine. It’s main benefits as a treatment is that it’s non-psychoactive and does not make people feel “stoned”. CBD has the possibility to treat a wide range of conditions including arthritis, chronic pain, depression, schizophrenia, epilepsy and other neurological disorders. CBD is available in tincture, hemp oil as well as in CBD flowers which is hemp derived, non-psychotoxic THC free.
CBD Tinctures and CBD Hemp oil are the two most popular CBD products. CBD also comes in products such as CBD edibles, CBD topicals, CBD Tea, and even CBD Gummy bears. It has gained huge popularity in the health and wellness circles because of its endocannabinoid system.
CBDa Cannabidiol Acid
Found on the stems, leaves and flowers of some varieties of raw cannabis plants, Cannabidiol Acid (CBDa) is the precursor to the more widely known cannabinoid (CBD). CBDa is one of a hundred cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant. Hemp is naturally high in CBDa and CBD and contains only traces of THC.
When heated (decarboxylation), CBDa breaks down from its acid form and into CBD. With heat and time, the acid group of the CBDa degrades, leaving behind what many refer to as “activated” CBD. CBDa and CBD have similar chemical structure, and similar therapeutic effects. There has not been enough research done on the CBDa howeve some studies show that there may be possible health benefits.
CBC is non-intoxicating, so it doesn’t produce a euphoric high like THC. The reason it is non-intoxicating is because it binds poorly to CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain. But CBC does bind with other receptors in the body.
CBC is a non-intoxicating compound and is the second most abundant compound found in marijuana. It is non-intoxicating because it binds very poorly to CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Researchers and the scientific community have taken interest in this compound.
Recent studies have found that CBC may be able to be used as an anti-inflammatory, anti acne treatment and even able to inhibit tumors to fight cancer. With the legalization of medical marijuana. More research and scientific studies can be conducted to learn more about the cannabis plant and its medical purposes that it can be used for.