Pregnant women are increasingly using marijuana, especially during the first trimester, even as rates of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking decrease, according to research published Monday.
In 2016, approximately 4.98 percent of women ages 18 to 44 used marijuana during their pregnancy, increasing from 2.85 percent in 2002. The latest numbers come from an analysis by Washington University School of Medicine researcher Arpana Agrawal, Ph.D.
It was published as a research letter in the Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics and is based on federal data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health.
“Unlike alcohol and cigarette use, prenatal cannabis use has not decreased,” Ms. Agrawal wrote in the report, “especially during the first trimester of pregnancy,…