The uses of medical marijuana will continue to grow as research does, but more demanding, high quality research is needed to show how cannabis can effectively combat certain symptoms. There is strong evidence that certain cannabinoid components in marijuana can help with many symptoms. Research can increase even faster and more investment will be made for research by removing marijuana from the Schedule 1 drug list.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine presented nearly 100 conclusions related to the health effects of cannabis and cannabinoid use. They concluded that there is conclusive or substantial evidence that cannabis or cannabinoids are effective. For improving patient-reported multiple sclerosis spasticity symptoms (oral cannabinoids).
Chronic Nerve Pain
Affecting nearly 20 million people in the United States chronic nerve pain is also responsible for the opioid overdose crisis. Chronic nerve pain is also known as peripheral neuropathy. This condition causes weakness, numbness and pain to extremities, usually in your hands and feet. This pain is described as burning, stabbing, tingling and extremely excruciating.
Cannabis has been shown to provide relief to patients when other forms of treatment have been ineffective. A research study by the National Academy of Sciences concludes. That there is substantial scientific evidence that medical marijuana is effective for the treatment for chronic pain in adults (cannabis).
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
Nausea is an unpleasant sensation that is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes before vomiting. Some possible causes of nausea include motion sickness, stomach infection, migraine, chemotherapy treatment, gallbladder disease. Nausea can be short-lived, or it can be a prolonged and debilitating symptom.
The same study by the National Academy of Sciences concludes. Antiemetics in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (oral cannabinoids).
Multiple Sclerosis is unpredictable lifelong incurable disease, which can vary in intensity from mild to severe disability. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, lack of coordination, weakness, tingling, impaired sensation, vision problems, bladder problems, cognitive impairment and mood changes. Medical Marijuana can help control the debilitating muscle spasms and stiffness of Multiple Sclerosis, which often interferes with walking and sleep.
In the report The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids, the study also concluded in various categories of effectiveness the following.
Moderate Evidence that medical marijuana or cannabinoids are effective for:
- Improving short-term sleep outcomes in individuals with sleep disturbance associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and multiple sclerosis (cannabinoids, primarily nabiximols).
Limited evidence that cannabis or cannabinoids are effective for:
- Increasing appetite and decreasing weight loss associated with HIV/AIDS (cannabis and oral cannabinoids)
- Improving clinician-measured multiple sclerosis spasticity symptoms (oral cannabinoids)
- Improving symptoms of Tourette syndrome (THC capsules) (4-8)
- Improving anxiety symptoms, as assessed by a public speaking test, in individuals with social anxiety disorders (cannabidiol)
- Improving symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (nabilone; one single, small fair-quality trial)
- Better outcomes (i.e., mortality, disability) after a traumatic brain injury or intra-cranial hemorrhage
Limited evidence that cannabis or cannabinoids are ineffective for:
- Improving symptoms associated with dementia (cannabinoids)
- Improving intraocular pressure associated with glaucoma (cannabinoids)
- Reducing depressive symptoms in individuals with chronic pain or multiple sclerosis (nabiximols, dronabinol, and nabilone)
The use of medical marijuana allows for the relief of millions of patients worldwide. Legalization is helping to expand the research studies into new uses of cannabis and new forms of relief. This studies will help to reveal more details about endocannabinoids and expand our knowledge of the potential benefits of cannabis.