Alcohol and tobacco are the two legal drugs which have shown that they cause as much harm as do their illegal counterparts. Recreational drugs are psychoactive drugs which induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure. Which are the most dangerous recreational drugs? And how do they rate in risk factor for more dangerous than another. A study conducted by Pro/Con.Org compiled a list of the most dangerous recreational drugs. Each drug was assigned a danger level based on their research. We have narrowed down the least to 10 giving you an idea of the most popular dangerous recreational drugs.
Dangerous Drug Categories
Recreational drugs are classified into 3 categories. Depressants are drugs which bring on a feeling of relaxation and calm. Stimulants which are drugs that stimulate a sense of energy, force and alertness. Hallucinogens which are drugs that generate sensory distortions such as delusions and hallucinations.
Recreational drugs include legal and illegal substances. Alcohol, tobacco and prescription drugs are classified as legal. While illegal drugs usually include methamphetamines, heroin, cocaine, LSD, mushrooms, MDMA and club drugs. Where does cannabis fit in, legal or illegal? Well were not sure, but it all depends in what country or state you reside.
Alcohol and Tobacco among the most dangerous
Research studies suggest alcohol and tobacco are among the most dangerous drugs and way more than above cannabis. Alcohol is one of the most dangerous when measured along physical, psychological and social harm drugs do to a persons life. These measures include crime, family misfortunes loss of relationships cost to society and other factors. The other illegal drugs that score high as the most dangerous recreational drugs are heroin, crack cocaine, and methamphetamines.
Is Marijuana Safer than Alcohol
A study conducted by Scientific Reports found cannabis to be one of the least likely to kill you from a list off the most common recreational drugs. Many experts and researchers agree that marijuana is safer than alcohol, and would be a better recreational intoxicant of choice instead of alcohol. Alcohol kills over 30,000 people each year from organ failure to liver disease and many other types of poisoning. While they are both intoxicants marijuana does not cause organ failure, nor the number of vehicle accidents and fatalities that alcohol does.
Most Dangerous by Harm Factor
1) Alcohol: Harm Factor 72/100
The legal drug alcohol can cause brain damage, which causes impairments in memory, and critical thinking Alcohol addiction will eventually lead to poor health, and less likely to survive critical illnesses and a higher risk of a weaker immune system. Alcohol causes economic, social and family burdens, in the U.S Alcohol is the 4th leading cause of preventable death.
2) Heroin: Harm Factor 55/100
Refined from morphine heroin is a highly addictive drug. Heroin is highly addictive and the primary purpose of a heroin addict is finding and using the drug. Heroin users experience a wide variety of health complications too many to mention in one paragraph. But insomnia, pneumonia, tuberculosis, mental disorders, depression, collapsed veins, bacterial infections, clogging of blood vessels that lead to lung, liver kidney or brain failure.
3) Crack Cocaine: Harm Factor 54/100
Crack cocaine is a form of cocaine that can be smoked, it’s riskier than the powdered form of cocaine due to its higher level of potency. Smoking crack can lead to long term cardiovascular problems, heart, lung and liver disease. Death from crack addiction is often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.
4) Methamphetamine: Harm Factor 33/100
Methamphetamine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant, used mainly as a recreational drug. The physical effects of methamphetamine can include dental problems, intense itching, anxiety, confusion, violent behavior. Long term use can also include paranoia extreme and unreasonable distrust of others and hallucinations sensations of images that seem real though they aren’t.
5) Cocaine: Harm Factor 27/100
Cocaine is a powerful addictive stimulant drug, research has shown that is will alter brain structure and function if used continually. Continued use can lead to panic attacks, paranoia, and even a full-blown psychosis, in which the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations. If users increase dosage to a higher level, risk of adverse psychological or physiological effects increases.
6) Tobacco: Harm Factor 26/100
Most of today’s population knows that smoking causes lung problems such as cancer and emphysema. Smoking has an impact on a whole range of health problems, so long that we need to write a whole new article related only about this subject. There is NO safe level of tobacco use.
7) MDMA: Harm Factor 9/100
MDMA a synthetic drug that alters awareness of surrounding objects and conditions. It is chemically similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens, producing feelings of increased energy, pleasure, emotional warmth, and distorted sensory and time perception. Long term effects are addiction, memory problems, paranoia, rapid heartbeat, with feelings of depression and fatigue right after use.
8) LSD: Harm Factor 7/100
A mind-altering drug LSD belongs to a group of drugs known as hallucinogens. LSD causes it’s characteristic hallucinogenic effects, user experience flashbacks, hallucinations that may occur weeks or months after the drug was last taken. Long term use can lead to severe mental illness, and deaths from LSD usually are due to injuries while under the influence. There is no known lethal dose of LSD that can kill someone.
9) Magic Mushrooms: Harm Factor 6/100
Not the edible kind, magic mushrooms are also known as mush, magic, shrooms, and fungus delight. Magic mushrooms are hallucinogens that make users see, hear and feel things that are not really there. Magic mushrooms have side effects such as anxiety, nausea and muscle twitches. Use of magic mushrooms does not usually result in a substance use disorder.
10) Cannabis: Harm Factor 20/100
The most commonly used illicit drug cannabis is classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance. Cannabis is a mood altering recreational drug that effects almost every organ of the body. High risk recreational drugs include alcohol, nicotine, cocaine and heroin. Cannabis is the only drug that was categorized under low risk. The harm factor for cannabis dropped drastically once legal and social outcomes were removed from the equation. If legalization is factored in further and we add the economic benefits of cannabis the harm rate is decreased even further.